Criminal Appeal No. 1165 of 2019
Pramod Suryabhan Pawar … ……………….Appellant
The State of Maharashtra & others ………Respondents
In the aforesaid matter the SC said the prosecution must prove that the promise to marry was a promise given with no intention to honour it, and that such a promise was the only reason why a woman agreed to a sexual relationship. (अदालत ने कहा कि अभियोजन पक्ष को यह साबित करना होगा कि शादी करने का वादा उसे पालन न करने के इरादे से दिया गया वादा था, और इस तरह का वादा ही एकमात्र कारण था कि महिला नें यौन संबंध के लिए सहमति दी थी)।
To summarise the legal position that emerges from the above cases, the “consent” of a woman with respect to Section 375 must involve an active and reasoned deliberation towards the proposed act. To establish whether the “consent” was vitiated by a “misconception of fact” arising out of a promise to marry, two propositions must be established. The promise of marriage must have been a false promise, given in bad faith and with no intention of being adhered to at the time it was given. The false promise itself must be of immediate relevance or bear a direct nexus to the woman’s decision to engage in the sexual act.
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